Hospitality management is the academic study of the hospitality industry. A degree in Hospitality management is often conferred from either a university college dedicated to the studies of hospitality management or a business school with a department in hospitality management studies. Degrees in hospitality management may also be referred to as hotel management, hotel and tourism management, or hotel administration. Degrees conferred in this academic field include Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, Master of Business Administration, and Doctor of Philosophy. Hospitality management studies provides a focus on management of hospitality operations including hotels, restaurants, cruise ships, amusement parks, destination marketing organizations, convention centers, country clubs, and related industries.
In America, Hospitality and Tourism Management curricula follow similar core subject applications to that of a business degree, but with a focus on hospitality management. Core subject areas include accounting, administration, finance, information systems, marketing, human resource management, public relations, strategy, quantitative methods and sectoral studies in the various areas of hospitality business.
In the Philippines, Hospitality and Tourism curriculum are Emerging Studies in Philippine Education. There it is called a Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management (BS-HRM). It follows the American curriculum of Hospitality Management and includes: Culinary Arts, Business Administration, Public Relations, Marketing, Tourism Management, Accounting and Human Resources Studies.
Switzerland's reputation as the home of hotel and hospitality management, was established over a hundred years ago when the first palace-style hotels were built. These grand hotels catered to an exclusive clientele of royalty, aristocrats, and wealthy individuals lured by the Alps and alpine tourism. Guests of this era demanded the highest levels of service excellence and the leading Swiss hoteliers responded by systematizing the processes for hotel operations. These processes were the foundation for the enviable reputation Switzerland has today in hospitality management.